IGI Reading Group

This project is maintained by IGITUGraz

IGI Reading Group

The IGI Reading Group is the informal Journal Club of IGI where we meet about once a week and discuss papers that are related to our research.

In the WS 2020/21, the journal club will take place every Tuesday at 11:00 in the IGI seminar room.

If you’re from outside IGI and would like to attend a particular session, contact mueller [at] igi.tugraz.at.

Current presentation cycle

Ceca, Christoph, Dominik, Florian, Franz, Horst, Michael, Ozan, Philipp, Roland, Romain, Samuel, Špela, Thomas L.


Please present papers that have some direct relevance for our work: e.g. machine learning papers describing relevant developments in the field like new methods or architectures, or experimental papers discussing new data for our models or analysis methods for our experiments. Presented works should enhance our knowledge and provide inspiration for our research.

Presentations should convey the relevant findings from your selected paper with a focus on our group, i.e. also prepare the relevant background information, important concepts from the cited literature, etc. required to understand the main findings. You don’t need to prepare slides.

Start your presentation by giving a 5-minute overview before going into the details. The intro should include:

Upcoming meetings

Date Moderator Paper
19.01.2021 Florian Levina, Anna, J. Michael Herrmann, and Manfred Denker. “Critical branching processes in neural networks.” PAMM: Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. Vol. 7. No. 1. Berlin: WILEY‐VCH Verlag, 2007.
26.01.2021 Thomas L.  


Feel free to add papers of interest.

Past meetings

Date Moderator Paper
12.01.2020 Špela Young, Benjamin D., James A. Escalon, and Dennis Mathew. “Odors: from chemical structures to gaseous plumes.” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 111 (2020): 19-29.
01.12.2020 Samuel Ly, Calvin, et al. “Psychedelics promote structural and functional neural plasticity.” Cell reports 23.11 (2018): 3170-3182.
24.11.2020 Roland Rajeswaran, Aravind, et al. “Meta-learning with implicit gradients.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2019.
17.11.2020 Ozan Dapello, Joel, et al. “Simulating a primary visual cortex at the front of CNNs improves robustness to image perturbations.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (2020).
10.11.2020 Horst Sharma, Archit, et al. “Dynamics-aware unsupervised discovery of skills.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1907.01657 (2019).
03.11.2020 Franz Ramsauer, Hubert, et al. “Hopfield networks is all you need.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2008.02217 (2020).
27.10.2020 Florian Reimann, Michael W., et al. “Cliques of neurons bound into cavities provide a missing link between structure and function.” Frontiers in computational neuroscience 11 (2017): 48.
20.10.2020 Christoph Nieder, Andreas. “Neural constraints on human number concepts.” Current Opinion in Neurobiology 60 (2020): 28-36.
13.10.2020 Ceca Fitz, Hartmut, et al. “Neuronal spike-rate adaptation supports working memory in language processing.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117.34 (2020): 20881-20889.
30.09.2020 Michael Frankland, Steven M., and Joshua D. Greene. “Concepts and compositionality: in search of the brain’s language of thought.” Annual review of psychology 71 (2020): 273-303. (pdf)
30.07.2020 Arjun Mittal, Sarthak, et al. “Learning to combine top-down and bottom-up signals in recurrent neural networks with attention over modules.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2006.16981 (2020).
    Goyal, Anirudh, et al. “Recurrent independent mechanisms.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.10893 (2019).
02.03.2020 Luca Hudson, Drew A., and Christopher D. Manning. “Compositional attention networks for machine reasoning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1803.03067 (2018).
24.02.2020 Arjun Schrittwieser, Julian, et al. “Mastering atari, go, chess and shogi by planning with a learned model.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.08265 (2019).
03.02.2020 Ceca Introduction to ANOVA analysis (in Kass, Robert E., Uri T. Eden, and Emery N. Brown. Analysis of neural data. Vol. 491. New York: Springer, 2014.)
    Lindsay, Grace W., et al. “Hebbian learning in a random network captures selectivity properties of the prefrontal cortex.” Journal of Neuroscience 37.45 (2017): 11021-11036.
    Rigotti, Mattia, et al. “The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks.” Nature 497.7451 (2013): 585-590.
06.12.2019 Thomas Henaff, Mikael, et al. “Tracking the world state with recurrent entity networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.03969 (2016).
02.12.2019 Philipp Patel, Devdhar, et al. “Improved robustness of reinforcement learning policies upon conversion to spiking neuronal network platforms applied to ATARI games.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.11012 (2019).
25.11.2019 Special session  
  Florian Barrett, David GT, Sophie Deneve, and Christian K. Machens. “Optimal compensation for neuron loss.” Elife 5 (2016): e12454.
  Franz Voelker, Aaron R., and Chris Eliasmith. “Improving spiking dynamical networks: Accurate delays, higher-order synapses, and time cells.” Neural computation 30.3 (2018): 569-609.
    Voelker, Aaron, Ivana Kajić, and Chris Eliasmith. “Legendre Memory Units: Continuous-Time Representation in Recurrent Neural Networks.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2019.
  Arjun Frady, E. Paxon, and Friedrich T. Sommer. “Robust computation with rhythmic spike patterns.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116.36 (2019): 18050-18059.
11.11.2019 Michael Habenschuss, Stefan, Zeno Jonke, and Wolfgang Maass. “Stochastic computations in cortical microcircuit models.” PLoS computational biology 9.11 (2013): e1003311.
    Berkes, Pietro, et al. “Spontaneous cortical activity reveals hallmarks of an optimal internal model of the environment.” Science 331.6013 (2011): 83-87.
29.10.2019 Darjan Nayebi, Aran, et al. “Task-Driven convolutional recurrent models of the visual system.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2018.
27.09.2019 Horst Marblestone, Adam H., Greg Wayne, and Konrad P. Kording. “Toward an integration of deep learning and neuroscience.” Frontiers in computational neuroscience 10 (2016): 94.
07.06.2019 Franz Hung, Chia-Chun, et al. “Optimizing agent behavior over long time scales by transporting value.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1810.06721 (2018)
16.05.2019 Elias Frankle, Jonathan, and Michael Carbin. “The lottery ticket hypothesis: Finding sparse, trainable neural networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1803.03635 (2018).
09.05.2019 Rapid fire session  
  Anand Karnani, Mahesh M., et al. “A Blanket of Inhibition: Functional Inferences from Dense Inhibitory Connectivity”. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2014
    Okun, Michael, et al. “Diverse Coupling of Neurons to Populations in Sensory Cortex”. Nature, 2015.
  Darjan Bönstrup, Marlene, et al. “A Rapid Form of Offline Consolidation in Skill Learning.” Current Biology (2019).
    Triefenbach, Fabian, et al. “Phoneme recognition with large hierarchical reservoirs.” Advances in neural information
  Michael Saxe, Andrew M., et al. “On Random Weights and Unsupervised Feature Learning.” ICML. Vol. 2. No. 3. 2011.
  Philipp Frady, Edward & Sommer, Friedrich. “Robust computation with rhythmic spike patterns.” arxiv preprint: arXiv:1901.07718 (2019)
  Arjun Akrout, M., Wilson, C., Humphreys, P. C., Lillicrap, T., & Tweed, D. (2019). Using Weight Mirrors to Improve Feedback Alignment. arXiv preprint arXiv:1904.05391
  Ceca Behrens, Timothy E. J., et al. “What Is a Cognitive Map? Organising Knowledge for Flexible Behaviour.” 2018, doi:10.1101/365593.; LINK: https://www.cell.com/neuron/pdf/S0896-6273(18)30856-0.pdf
18.04.2019 Ceca O’Reilly, Randall C., Thomas E. Hazy, and Seth A. Herd. “The Leabra Cognitive Architecture: How to Play 20 Principles with Nature.​.” The Oxford handbook of cognitive science 91 (2016): 91-116.
11.04.2019 Darjan Krotov, Dmitry, and John J. Hopfield. “Unsupervised learning by competing hidden units.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2019): 201820458.
20.03.2019 Arjun Koutnik, Jan, et al. “A clockwork rnn.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1402.3511 (2014).
    Chung, Junyoung, Sungjin Ahn, and Yoshua Bengio. “Hierarchical multiscale recurrent neural networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1609.01704 (2016).
14.03.2019 Anand Jaderberg, Max, et al. “Human-level performance in first-person multiplayer games with population-based deep reinforcement learning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1807.01281 (2018).
17.12.2018 Thomas L. Beaulieu-Laroche, Lou, et al. “Enhanced Dendritic Compartmentalization in Human Cortical Neurons.” Cell 175.3 (2018): 643-651.
20.11.2018 Michael Kutter, Esther F., et al. “Single Neurons in the Human Brain Encode Numbers.” Neuron (2018).
    Quiroga, R. Quian, et al. “Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain.” Nature 435.7045 (2005): 1102.
09.11.2018 Guillaume Wasmuht, Dante Francisco, et al. “Intrinsic neuronal dynamics predict distinct functional roles during working memory.” Nature communications 9.1 (2018): 3499.
19.10.2018 Franz Perich, Matthew G., Juan A. Gallego, and Lee E. Miller. “A neural population mechanism for rapid learning.” Neuron (2018).
12.10.2018 Darjan Zeng, Andy, et al. “Learning Synergies between Pushing and Grasping with Self-supervised Deep Reinforcement Learning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1803.09956 (2018).
    Dubey, Rachit, et al. “Investigating Human Priors for Playing Video Games.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1802.10217 (2018).
05.10.2018 Ceca Rougier, Nicolas P., et al. “Prefrontal cortex and flexible cognitive control: Rules without symbols.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102.20 (2005): 7338-7343.
21.09.2018 Arjun Palm, Rasmus Berg, Ulrich Paquet, and Ole Winther. “Recurrent Relational Networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.08028 (2018).
10.08.2018 Anand Franceschi, L., Frasconi, P., Salzo, S., Grazzi, R., & Pontil, M. (2018). Bilevel Programming for Hyperparameter Optimization and Meta-Learning. ArXiv:1806.04910 [Cs, Stat]. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1806.04910 (ICML 2018)
03.08.2018 Darjan Siwani, Samer, et al. “OLMα2 cells bidirectionally modulate learning.” Neuron (2018).
20.07.2018 Arjun Henaff, Mikael, et al. “Tracking the world state with recurrent entity networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.03969 (2016).
13.07.2018 Franz Sabour, Sara, Nicholas Frosst, and Geoffrey E. Hinton. “Dynamic routing between capsules.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2017.
23.04.2018 Ceca Glimcher, Paul W. “Understanding dopamine and reinforcement learning: the dopamine reward prediction error hypothesis.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108.Supplement 3 (2011): 15647-15654.
12.03.2018 Franz Houthooft, Rein, et al. “Vime: Variational information maximizing exploration.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2016.
    Blundell, Charles, et al. “Weight uncertainty in neural networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1505.05424 (2015).
02.03.2018 Anand Finn, Chelsea, Pieter Abbeel, and Sergey Levine. “Model-agnostic meta-learning for fast adaptation of deep networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.03400 (2017).
23.02.2018 Michael Mostafa, Hesham, Vishwajith Ramesh, and Gert Cauwenberghs. “Deep supervised learning using local errors.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.06756 (2017).
09.02.2018 Anand Costa, R., Assael, Y., Shillingford, B., de Freitas, N. & Vogels, Ti. Cortical microcircuits as gated-recurrent neural networks. in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 30 (eds. Guyon, I. et al.) 271–282 (Curran Associates, Inc., 2017).
02.02.2018 Guillaume Bahdanau, Dzmitry, et al. “End-to-end attention-based large vocabulary speech recognition.” Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2016 IEEE International Conference on. IEEE, 2016.
    Graves, Alex, Abdel-rahman Mohamed, and Geoffrey Hinton. “Speech recognition with deep recurrent neural networks.” Acoustics, speech and signal processing (icassp), 2013 ieee international conference on. IEEE, 2013.
    Graves, Alex, et al. “Connectionist temporal classification: labelling unsegmented sequence data with recurrent neural networks.” Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Machine learning. ACM, 2006.
    Amodei, Dario, et al. “Deep speech 2: End-to-end speech recognition in english and mandarin.” International Conference on Machine Learning. 2016.
    Hannun, Awni, et al. “Deep speech: Scaling up end-to-end speech recognition.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1412.5567 (2014).
26.01.2018 Darjan Mishra, Nikhil, et al. “Meta-learning with temporal convolutions.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1707.03141 (2017). https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.03141
19.01.2018 Arjun Jaderberg, Max, et al. “Population Based Training of Neural Networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.09846 (2017).
12.01.2018 Thomas B. Wang, Peng, et al. “Multi-attention network for one shot learning.” 2017 IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition, CVPR. 2017.
05.01.2018 Thomas L. Jaderberg, Max, et al. “Decoupled neural interfaces using synthetic gradients.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1608.05343 (2016).
07.12.2017 Franz Graves. “Adaptive Computation Time for Recurrent Neural Networks.” arXiv:1603.08983 (2016). https://arxiv.org/abs/1603.08983
01.12.2017 Guillaume Sussillo, Stavisky, Kao, Ryu, Shenoy. “Making brain-machine interfaces robust to future neural variability” nature communications
    Panzeri, Harvey, Piasini, Latham, Fellin “Cracking the Neural Code for Sensory Perception by Combining Statistics, Intervention and Behavior”
    Lee, Delbruck, and Pfeiffer “Training Deep Spiking Neural Networks Using Backpropagation”
24.11.2017 Anand Xu, Yan, Xiaoqin Zeng, and Shuiming Zhong. “A new supervised learning algorithm for spiking neurons.” Neural computation 25.6 (2013): 1472-1511.
    Ponulak, Filip, and Andrzej Kasiński. “Supervised learning in spiking neural networks with ReSuMe: sequence learning, classification, and spike shifting.” Neural Computation 22.2 (2010): 467-510.
17.11.2017 Michael Hadji, Isma, and Richard P. Wildes. “A Spatiotemporal Oriented Energy Network for Dynamic Texture Recognition.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1708.06690 (2017). https://arxiv.org/abs/1708.06690
06.10.2017 Guillaume Song Han et al. 2017 - SqueezeNet: AlexNet-level accuracy with 50x fewer parameters and <0.5MB model size https://arxiv.org/abs/1602.07360 (submitted to ICLR 2017)
    Song Han et al. 2017 - ESE: Efficient Speech Recognition Engine with Sparse LSTM on FPGA https://arxiv.org/abs/1612.00694
    Collins et al. 2014 - Memory bounded neural network https://arxiv.org/pdf/1412.1442.pdf
    Song Han et al. 2015 - Learning both weights and connections https://arxiv.org/pdf/1506.02626.pdf (appeared in NIPS)
29.10.2017 Jian Dvorkin R, Ziv NE (2016) Relative Contributions of Specific Activity Histories and Spontaneous Processes to Size Remodeling of Glutamatergic Synapses. PLoS Biol 14(10): e1002572. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002572
    Rubinski A, Ziv NE (2015) Remodeling and Tenacity of Inhibitory Synapses: Relationships with Network Activity and Neighboring Excitatory Synapses. PLoS Comput Biol 11(11): e1004632. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004632
    Statman A, Kaufman M, Minerbi A, Ziv NE, Brenner N (2014) Synaptic Size Dynamics as an Effectively Stochastic Process. PLoS Comput Biol 10(10): e1003846. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003846
10.08.2017 Franz Zoph, Barret, and Quoc V. Le. “Neural architecture search with reinforcement learning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.01578 (2016).
02.08.2017 David Friston K. and Kiebel S. “Predictive coding under the free-energy principle.” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2009) 364, 1211–1221.
    Friston K. “Variational filtering.” NeuroImage (2008) 41, 747-766.
26.07.2017 Anand Spratling, M. W. “A review of predictive coding algorithms.” Brain and cognition 112 (2017): 92-97.
    Rao, Rajesh PN, and Dana H. Ballard. “Predictive coding in the visual cortex: a functional interpretation of some extra-classical receptive-field effects.” Nature neuroscience 2.1 (1999): 79-87.
    PredNet: Lotter, William, Gabriel Kreiman, and David Cox. “Deep predictive coding networks for video prediction and unsupervised learning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1605.08104 (2016).
26.07.2017 Michael M. Dosovitskiy, Alexey, and Vladlen Koltun. “Learning to act by predicting the future.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.01779 (2016).
13.06.2017 Guillaume Lillicrap, Timothy P., et al. “Random synaptic feedback weights support error backpropagation for deep learning.” Nature Communications 7 (2016).
25.04.2017 Guillaume Salimans, Tim, et al. “Evolution Strategies as a Scalable Alternative to Reinforcement Learning.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.03864 (2017).
25.04.2017 Anand Whittington, James CR, and Rafal Bogacz. “An Approximation of the Error Backpropagation Algorithm in a Predictive Coding Network with Local Hebbian Synaptic Plasticity.” Neural Computation (2017).
25.04.2017 Arjun Orhan, A. Emin, and Wei Ji Ma. “Efficient Probabilistic Inference in Generic Neural Networks Trained with Non-Probabilistic Feedback.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.03060 (2016). APA
25.04.2017 David Schiess, Mathieu, Robert Urbanczik, and Walter Senn. “Somato-dendritic synaptic plasticity and error-backpropagation in active dendrites.” PLoS Comput Biol 12.2 (2016): e1004638.
18.04.2017 Anand Goodfellow, Ian, et al. “Generative adversarial nets.” Advances in neural information processing systems. 2014.
14.04.2017 David Variational Auto-encoders
    Kingma, Diederik P., and Max Welling. “Auto-encoding variational bayes.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.6114 (2013).
04.04.2017 Guillaume and David Variational Inference
    Mnih, Andriy, and Karol Gregor. “Neural variational inference and learning in belief networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1402.0030 (2014).
28.03.2017 Arjun Dirichlet Distributions
    Blei, David M., and Michael I. Jordan. “Variational inference for Dirichlet process mixtures.” Bayesian analysis 1.1 (2006): 121-143.
    Sethuraman, Jayaram. “A constructive definition of Dirichlet priors.” Statistica sinica (1994): 639-650.
    Blackwell, David, and James B. MacQueen. “Ferguson distributions via Pólya urn schemes.” The annals of statistics (1973): 353-355.
    Ferguson, Thomas S. “A Bayesian analysis of some nonparametric problems.” The annals of statistics (1973): 209-230.
02.12.2016 Arjun Nessler, Bernhard, et al. “Bayesian computation emerges in generic cortical microcircuits through spike-timing-dependent plasticity.” PLoS Comput Biol 9.4 (2013): e1003037.
18.11.2016 Guillaume Nithianantharajah, Jess, et al. “Synaptic scaffold evolution generated components of vertebrate cognitive complexity.” Nature neuroscience 16.1 (2013): 16-24.
    Carlisle, Holly J., et al. “Opposing effects of PSD‐93 and PSD‐95 on long‐term potentiation and spike timing‐dependent plasticity.” The Journal of physiology 586.24 (2008): 5885-5900.
11.11.2016 Anand Rigotti, Mattia, et al. “The importance of mixed selectivity in complex cognitive tasks.” Nature 497.7451 (2013): 585-590.
09.09.2016 Ke Bai Eliasmith, Chris, et al. “A large-scale model of the functioning brain.” science 338.6111 (2012): 1202-1205.
02.09.2016 Ke Bai Bobier, Bruce, Terrence C. Stewart, and Chris Eliasmith. “A unifying mechanistic model of selective attention in spiking neurons.” PLoS Comput Biol 10.6 (2014): e1003577.
16.08.2016 David Zenke, Friedemann, Everton J. Agnes, and Wulfram Gerstner. “Diverse synaptic plasticity mechanisms orchestrated to form and retrieve memories in spiking neural networks.” Nature communications 6 (2015).
05.08.2016 Zhaofei Raju, Rajkumar Vasudeva, and Xaq Pitkow. “Inference by Reparameterization in Neural Population Codes.” Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. 2016.
28.07.2016 Anna Buzsáki, György. “Neural syntax: cell assemblies, synapsembles, and readers.” Neuron 68.3 (2010): 362-385.
21.07.2016 Guillaume Chung, Junyoung, et al. “Empirical evaluation of gated recurrent neural networks on sequence modeling.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1412.3555 (2014).
    Sussillo, David, and L. F. Abbott. “Random walk initialization for training very deep feedforward networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1412.6558 (2014).
27.05.2016 Guillaume Williams, Ronald J. “Simple statistical gradient-following algorithms for connectionist reinforcement learning.” Machine learning 8.3-4 (1992): 229-256.
24.03.2016 Anand Denève, Sophie, and Christian K. Machens. “Efficient codes and balanced networks.” Nature neuroscience 19.3 (2016): 375-382.
17.03.2016 Anand Abbott, L. F., Brian DePasquale, and Raoul-Martin Memmesheimer. “Building functional networks of spiking model neurons.” Nature neuroscience 19.3 (2016): 350-355.
10.03.2016 David Hochreiter, Sepp, and Jürgen Schmidhuber. “Long short-term memory.” Neural computation 9.8 (1997): 1735-1780.
    Graves, Alex, and Jürgen Schmidhuber. “Offline handwriting recognition with multidimensional recurrent neural networks.” Advances in neural information processing systems. 2009.
    Graves, Alex. “Generating sequences with recurrent neural networks.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1308.0850 (2013).
    Graves, Alex, Greg Wayne, and Ivo Danihelka. “Neural turing machines.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1410.5401 (2014).
26.02.2016 Guillaume Gardner, Brian, Ioana Sporea, and André Grüning. “Learning spatiotemporally encoded pattern transformations in structured spiking neural networks.” Neural computation (2015).
15.12.2015 Guillaume Hennequin, Guillaume, Tim P. Vogels, and Wulfram Gerstner. “Optimal control of transient dynamics in balanced networks supports generation of complex movements.” Neuron 82.6 (2014): 1394-1406.
11.12.2015 Gernot Avermann, Michael, et al. “Microcircuits of excitatory and inhibitory neurons in layer 2/3 of mouse barrel cortex.” Journal of neurophysiology 107.11 (2012): 3116-3134.
31.11.2015 Christoph Mante, Valerio, et al. “Context-dependent computation by recurrent dynamics in prefrontal cortex.” Nature 503.7474 (2013): 78-84.
17.11.2015 David Pfister, Jean-Pascal, Peter Dayan, and Máté Lengyel. “Synapses with short-term plasticity are optimal estimators of presynaptic membrane potentials.” Nature neuroscience 13.10 (2010): 1271-1275.
27.10.2015 Zhaofei Habenschuss, Stefan, Helmut Puhr, and Wolfgang Maass. “Emergence of optimal decoding of population codes through STDP.” Neural computation 25.6 (2013): 1371-1407.
20.10.2015 Anand Maass, Wolfgang, Thomas Natschläger, and Henry Markram. “Real-time computing without stable states: A new framework for neural computation based on perturbations.” Neural computation 14.11 (2002): 2531-2560.
13.10.2015 Guillaume Brunel, Nicolas. “Dynamics of sparsely connected networks of excitatory and inhibitory spiking neurons.” Journal of computational neuroscience 8.3 (2000): 183-208.